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How and why do people fall for anti-science misinformation and propaganda?


"Imagine that you can only know what you discover by yourself through trial and error. There are no websites, no books, no teachers, not even other people to talk to. How much could you know about the world? Do you think you could figure out which chemical molecules compose your food? What was happening in another country? What the climate was like 30 years ago? How to hunt or farm? As Philosopher John Hardwig says, “we are irredeemably epistemically dependent on each other.” That is to say, just about everything we know about the world we learn from other people. We depend on other people for knowledge.

This is particularly true as the world gets more complex. There’s simply too much for one person to know on their own and so people start to specialize in areas of knowledge. Hence, we have chemists, physicists, doctors, lawyers, geologists, mechanics, accountants, to name but a few—and, of course, philosophers. Just about everything you know about the world you learned from someone else. This is a good strategy too. There isn’t time or energy for you to get a PhD in every single domain of human knowledge.

Sometimes a problem emerges: There are cases where it’s not clear who the experts are on a particular issue or where two people who appear to be experts disagree. How does the non-expert identify who the genuine experts are? Who should they defer to?

In this post I do two things. First, drawing on a model from cultural anthropology, I explain the strategies that people use to identify experts. Second, I explain how anti-science propagandists manipulate these strategies to confuse the public."

https://wrestling-with-philosophy.com/2020/01/08/how-and-why-anti-science-propaganda-works/
#science #pseudoscience #misinformation #propaganda
 

How and why do people fall for anti-science misinformation and propaganda?


"Imagine that you can only know what you discover by yourself through trial and error. There are no websites, no books, no teachers, not even other people to talk to. How much could you know about the world? Do you think you could figure out which chemical molecules compose your food? What was happening in another country? What the climate was like 30 years ago? How to hunt or farm? As Philosopher John Hardwig says, “we are irredeemably epistemically dependent on each other.” That is to say, just about everything we know about the world we learn from other people. We depend on other people for knowledge.

This is particularly true as the world gets more complex. There’s simply too much for one person to know on their own and so people start to specialize in areas of knowledge. Hence, we have chemists, physicists, doctors, lawyers, geologists, mechanics, accountants, to name but a few—and, of course, philosophers. Just about everything you know about the world you learned from someone else. This is a good strategy too. There isn’t time or energy for you to get a PhD in every single domain of human knowledge.

Sometimes a problem emerges: There are cases where it’s not clear who the experts are on a particular issue or where two people who appear to be experts disagree. How does the non-expert identify who the genuine experts are? Who should they defer to?

In this post I do two things. First, drawing on a model from cultural anthropology, I explain the strategies that people use to identify experts. Second, I explain how anti-science propagandists manipulate these strategies to confuse the public."

https://wrestling-with-philosophy.com/2020/01/08/how-and-why-anti-science-propaganda-works/
#science #pseudoscience #misinformation #propaganda
 
Wenn in der bis zum Anschlag staatsfrommen 20-Uhr-ARD-Tagesschau als erste Meldung verlesen wird, dass der »Kohleausstieg« bis 2038 dabei helfen soll, die Klimaziele für 2030 zu erreichen, dann brauche ich keine Satire mehr. Aber wie man es schafft, so eine hirnverachtende Propaganda mit ernstem Gesicht zu vorzulesen ohne zum Opfer eines spntanen Lachanfalles, bleibt mir ein Rätsel. Vermutlich bemerkt der Thorsten Schröder gar nicht mehr, was er da vorliest, vermutlich muss man als Tagesschau-Sprecher auch eine dumme, hirnlose Sprechpuppe sein, die sich in ihren mentalen Fähigkeiten nicht wesentlich von dem dummen Computer unterscheidet, der diesen Job in nicht mehr allzuferner Zukunft erledigen wird. | #Blah #Tagesschau #ARD #Kohleausstieg #Propaganda #Realsatire
 
Wenn in der bis zum Anschlag staatsfrommen 20-Uhr-ARD-Tagesschau als erste Meldung verlesen wird, dass der »Kohleausstieg« bis 2038 dabei helfen soll, die Klimaziele für 2030 zu erreichen, dann brauche ich keine Satire mehr. Aber wie man es schafft, so eine hirnverachtende Propaganda mit ernstem Gesicht zu vorzulesen ohne zum Opfer eines spntanen Lachanfalles, bleibt mir ein Rätsel. Vermutlich bemerkt der Thorsten Schröder gar nicht mehr, was er da vorliest, vermutlich muss man als Tagesschau-Sprecher auch eine dumme, hirnlose Sprechpuppe sein, die sich in ihren mentalen Fähigkeiten nicht wesentlich von dem dummen Computer unterscheidet, der diesen Job in nicht mehr allzuferner Zukunft erledigen wird. | #Blah #Tagesschau #ARD #Kohleausstieg #Propaganda #Realsatire
 
Looks like the Brexiteers are pulling out Project Fear. Big time. £10 trillion is around 4-5 times the entire British economy. Which is going to disappear over night. Yeah, right....

https://twitter.com/DmitryOpines/status/1189936533803012096?s=19

#Brexit #UK #EU #politics #ProjectFear #lies #propaganda #Economy #Tories #Labour

Twitter: Dmitry Grozoubinski on Twitter (Dmitry Grozoubinski)

 
#Matussek zu „Grölemeyer im Sportpalast“: „Das ist der Faschismus“ – NS begann als linke Protestbewegung

Wenn der Faschismus wieder kommt, dann wird er nicht sagen: 'Ich bin der Faschismus', sondern er wird sagen: 'Ich bin der Antifaschismus.'" (Ignazio Silone, 1900 - 1978)

https://www.epochtimes.de/politik/deutschland/matussek-zu-groelemeyer-im-sportpalast-das-ist-der-faschismus-ns-begann-als-linke-protestbewegung-a3003615.html

#Goebbels #Sportpalast #Propaganda #Grönemeyer
 

The Incredible Belief That Corporate Ownership Does Not Influence Media Content | FAIR


#politics #media #propaganda
The Incredible Belief That Corporate Ownership Does Not Influence Media Content
 

The Incredible Belief That Corporate Ownership Does Not Influence Media Content | FAIR


#politics #media #propaganda
The Incredible Belief That Corporate Ownership Does Not Influence Media Content
 
Well, based on this logic the UK is massively undemocratic. The Prime Minister is in effect elected by a tiny minority of the population (the party members), so not representative at all. The MPs elected through first past the post do not represent the share of the vote their party received. A party with far less than 50% of the popular vote can have a majority in parliament. How is that democratic?
Do Remainers even understand how the EU works?
#Brexit #UK #EU #politics #democracy #propaganda
 

BREAKING! Incredible new drone footage of alleged Iranian IRGC commandos removing limpet mine from tanker in the Gulf of Oman


#iran #Propaganda #GulfOfOman #politics #parody
 

BREAKING! Incredible new drone footage of alleged Iranian IRGC commandos removing limpet mine from tanker in the Gulf of Oman


#iran #Propaganda #GulfOfOman #politics #parody
 
What a plonker! This guy is just so fake. Same as his performances as an MEP, were he rarely showed up either. I recently learned that even when he attends a European Parliament debate he only shows up to deliver his insulting speeches (so that he can get them filmed to share on YouTube) and then disappear immediately after his speech. I expect the same will happen with this walk where he will show up for some media opportunities before disappearing again. And yet his followers will swallow it hook, line and sinker.
Nigel Farage will not complete Brexit Betrayal March despite urging supporters to join him | UK News | Sky News
#Brexit #UK #EU #politics #Farage #march #fake #propaganda #liar #NigelFarage
 
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