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Hello, je cherche des comptes/tags à suivre, dans les domaines des #musiques actuelles, #jazz, #fusion, #progrock, #metal, mais aussi des #bassistes, #beatmakers, etc. Je m'intéresse aussi aux #computers, #database, #infosec, #libre, etc. Enfin adore la #moto sous toutes ses formes, la #montagne, la #glisse. Anyone pour me recommander des pages sur ces sujets, en anglais ou en français ? #Facebook #escape #help
 
Fun read: The Atlantic, from back in the days, when "computer" was a human job description

Computing Power Used to Be Measured in 'Kilo-Girls' - The earliest computers were human. And, more often than not, female.


#computers
 
Fun read: The Atlantic, from back in the days, when "computer" was a human job description

Computing Power Used to Be Measured in 'Kilo-Girls' - The earliest computers were human. And, more often than not, female.


#computers
 
Bild/Foto
Hey everyone, I’m #newhere. I’m interested in #computers, #electronicmusic, #photography, and #synthesizers and a fair whack of other stuff I couldn't be bothered tagging ;) Never been on Fakebook, but have been wondering about this for a while... I've lived in the UK for a decade, but now back in Sunny Australia, sheltering from Covid-19 like everyone else. Curious to see if anyone I know is on here and make new friends here. If you want a flavour of what I'm about, check me out on Twitter or look and some old ramblings on WordPress - yeah, really should write something again...
 
Bild/Foto
Hey everyone, I’m #newhere. I’m interested in #computers, #electronicmusic, #photography, and #synthesizers and a fair whack of other stuff I couldn't be bothered tagging ;) Never been on Fakebook, but have been wondering about this for a while... I've lived in the UK for a decade, but now back in Sunny Australia, sheltering from Covid-19 like everyone else. Curious to see if anyone I know is on here and make new friends here. If you want a flavour of what I'm about, check me out on Twitter or look and some old ramblings on WordPress - yeah, really should write something again...
 
An interesting look at how Unix got started. The oral history of Unix site [ https://www.princeton.edu/~hos/Mahoney/unixhistory ] is definitely worth a look for a more personal look at the people who made it happen.
Maybe its pervasiveness has long obscured its origins. But Unix, the operating system that in one derivative or another powers nearly all smartphones sold worldwide, was born 50 years ago from the failure of an ambitious project that involved titans like Bell Labs, GE, and MIT. Largely the brainchild of a few programmers at Bell Labs, the unlikely story of Unix begins with a meeting on the top floor of an otherwise unremarkable annex at the sprawling Bell Labs complex in Murray Hill, New Jersey.
[...]
It wasn’t until late 1971 that the computer science department got a truly modern computer. The Unix team had developed several tools designed to automatically format text files for printing over the past year or so. They had done so to simplify the production of documentation for their pet project, but their tools had escaped and were being used by several researchers elsewhere on the top floor. At the same time, the legal department was prepared to spend a fortune on a mainframe program called “AstroText.” Catching wind of this, the Unix crew realized that they could, with only a little effort, upgrade the tools they had written for their own use into something that the legal department could use to prepare patent applications.

The computer science department pitched lab management on the purchase of a DEC PDP-11 for document production purposes, and Max Mathews offered to pay for the machine out of the acoustics department budget. Finally, management gave in and purchased a computer for the Unix team to play with. Eventually, word leaked out about this operating system, and businesses and institutions with PDP-11s began contacting Bell Labs about their new operating system. The Labs made it available for free—requesting only the cost of postage and media from anyone who wanted a copy.
#History #ComputerHistory #Unix #OperatingSystems #ComputerScience #Computers
 
An interesting look at how Unix got started. The oral history of Unix site [ https://www.princeton.edu/~hos/Mahoney/unixhistory ] is definitely worth a look for a more personal look at the people who made it happen.
Maybe its pervasiveness has long obscured its origins. But Unix, the operating system that in one derivative or another powers nearly all smartphones sold worldwide, was born 50 years ago from the failure of an ambitious project that involved titans like Bell Labs, GE, and MIT. Largely the brainchild of a few programmers at Bell Labs, the unlikely story of Unix begins with a meeting on the top floor of an otherwise unremarkable annex at the sprawling Bell Labs complex in Murray Hill, New Jersey.
[...]
It wasn’t until late 1971 that the computer science department got a truly modern computer. The Unix team had developed several tools designed to automatically format text files for printing over the past year or so. They had done so to simplify the production of documentation for their pet project, but their tools had escaped and were being used by several researchers elsewhere on the top floor. At the same time, the legal department was prepared to spend a fortune on a mainframe program called “AstroText.” Catching wind of this, the Unix crew realized that they could, with only a little effort, upgrade the tools they had written for their own use into something that the legal department could use to prepare patent applications.

The computer science department pitched lab management on the purchase of a DEC PDP-11 for document production purposes, and Max Mathews offered to pay for the machine out of the acoustics department budget. Finally, management gave in and purchased a computer for the Unix team to play with. Eventually, word leaked out about this operating system, and businesses and institutions with PDP-11s began contacting Bell Labs about their new operating system. The Labs made it available for free—requesting only the cost of postage and media from anyone who wanted a copy.
#History #ComputerHistory #Unix #OperatingSystems #ComputerScience #Computers
 
Nice article on the C64 SID chip. I have fond memories of it. :-)
As recounted in IEEE Spectrum’s March 1985 design case history [PDF]of the C64 by Tekla S. Perry and Paul Wallich, MOS originally intended just to make a new graphics chip and a new sound chip. The idea was to sell them as components to microcomputer manufacturers. But those chips turned out to be so good that MOS decided to make its own computer.

Creation of the sound chip fell to a young engineer called Robert Yannes. He was the perfect choice for the job, motivated by a long-standing interest in electronic sound. Although there were some advanced microcomputer-controlled synthesizers available, including the Super Sound board designed for use with the Cosmac VIP system, the built-in sound generation tech in home computers was relatively crude. Yannes had higher ambitions. “I’d worked with synthesizers, and I wanted a chip that was a music synthesizer,” Yannes told Spectrum in 1985. His big advantage was that MOS had a manufacturing fab on-site. This allowed for cheap and fast experimentation and testing: “The actual design only took about four or five months,” said Yannes.
#RetroComputing #ComputerHistory #Computers #Commodore64 #Music #MusicSynthesis
 
Nice article on the C64 SID chip. I have fond memories of it. :-)
As recounted in IEEE Spectrum’s March 1985 design case history [PDF]of the C64 by Tekla S. Perry and Paul Wallich, MOS originally intended just to make a new graphics chip and a new sound chip. The idea was to sell them as components to microcomputer manufacturers. But those chips turned out to be so good that MOS decided to make its own computer.

Creation of the sound chip fell to a young engineer called Robert Yannes. He was the perfect choice for the job, motivated by a long-standing interest in electronic sound. Although there were some advanced microcomputer-controlled synthesizers available, including the Super Sound board designed for use with the Cosmac VIP system, the built-in sound generation tech in home computers was relatively crude. Yannes had higher ambitions. “I’d worked with synthesizers, and I wanted a chip that was a music synthesizer,” Yannes told Spectrum in 1985. His big advantage was that MOS had a manufacturing fab on-site. This allowed for cheap and fast experimentation and testing: “The actual design only took about four or five months,” said Yannes.
#RetroComputing #ComputerHistory #Computers #Commodore64 #Music #MusicSynthesis
 
RIP Fernando Corbató, whose "work on computer time-sharing in the 1960s helped pave the way for the personal computer, as well as the computer password"
Fernando Corbató, whose work on computer time-sharing in the 1960s helped pave the way for the personal computer, as well as the computer password, died on Friday at a nursing home in Newburyport, Mass. He was 93.

His wife, Emily Corbató, said the cause was complications of diabetes. At his death he was a professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dr. Corbató, who spent his entire career at M.I.T., oversaw a project in the early 1960s called the Compatible Time-Sharing System, or C.T.S.S., which allowed multiple users in different locations to access a single computer simultaneously through telephone lines.
[...]
In the course of refining time-sharing systems in the 1960s, Dr. Corbató came up with another novelty: the computer password.

C.T.S.S. gave each user a private set of files, but the lack of a login system requiring a password meant that users were free to peruse others’ files.

“Putting a password on for each individual user as a lock seemed like a very straightforward solution,” Dr. Corbató told Wired magazine in 2012. The passwords for C.T.S.S. are widely considered to be among the earliest computer security mechanisms.
#ComputerHistory #Obituaries #Computers #ComputerScience #OperatingSystems
 
RIP Fernando Corbató, whose "work on computer time-sharing in the 1960s helped pave the way for the personal computer, as well as the computer password"
Fernando Corbató, whose work on computer time-sharing in the 1960s helped pave the way for the personal computer, as well as the computer password, died on Friday at a nursing home in Newburyport, Mass. He was 93.

His wife, Emily Corbató, said the cause was complications of diabetes. At his death he was a professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dr. Corbató, who spent his entire career at M.I.T., oversaw a project in the early 1960s called the Compatible Time-Sharing System, or C.T.S.S., which allowed multiple users in different locations to access a single computer simultaneously through telephone lines.
[...]
In the course of refining time-sharing systems in the 1960s, Dr. Corbató came up with another novelty: the computer password.

C.T.S.S. gave each user a private set of files, but the lack of a login system requiring a password meant that users were free to peruse others’ files.

“Putting a password on for each individual user as a lock seemed like a very straightforward solution,” Dr. Corbató told Wired magazine in 2012. The passwords for C.T.S.S. are widely considered to be among the earliest computer security mechanisms.
#ComputerHistory #Obituaries #Computers #ComputerScience #OperatingSystems
 
Fast Company: 'Software engineering' was a joke until the mission to the Moon made it the future Fast Company: 'Software engineering' was a joke until the mission to the Moon made it the future.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90362325/software-engineering-was-joke-until-mission-moon-future?partner=rss&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=rss+fastcompany&utm_content=rss

Looking through the code some years ago when I heard about it being online, I was truly impressed by it. That anyone could get 1960s computers to pull that off and not melt the thing. Nevermind putting them on a journey to the Moon.
Tags: #nasa #programming #history #computers

via dandelion* client (Source)
 
Fast Company: 'Software engineering' was a joke until the mission to the Moon made it the future Fast Company: 'Software engineering' was a joke until the mission to the Moon made it the future.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90362325/software-engineering-was-joke-until-mission-moon-future?partner=rss&utm_source=rss&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=rss+fastcompany&utm_content=rss

Looking through the code some years ago when I heard about it being online, I was truly impressed by it. That anyone could get 1960s computers to pull that off and not melt the thing. Nevermind putting them on a journey to the Moon.
Tags: #nasa #programming #history #computers

via dandelion* client (Source)
 
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