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#uklake #climatechange #floods

"A new study of UK lake sediment records stretching back over several centuries has found that the floods that hit Northern England in 2009 and 2015 ('Storm Desmond'),were the largest in 600 years, pointing to the impact of climate changes on the frequency and magnitude of these extreme events.

In a paper published in the journal `Earth Surface Processes and Landforms', a team of researchers led by the Universities of Liverpool and Southampton, analysed the lake sediment records from the extreme floods of 2009 and 2015, and compared them with a 558 year record from the bottom of Bassenthwaite Lake, Cumbria.

A distinct layer of coarser sediment is left in the lake sediment record as material washes in from the surrounding hills and streams providing researchers with a means of recording each flooding event. Sediment layers with the largest grain sizes reflect flooding that was higher energy and more extreme in magnitude.

This is the first time a long term insight into the changing frequency and size of flood events has been produced using lake sediment records for the UK, and it shows how these archives can extend river flows used in conventional flood estimation, which only span relatively short period of 30-50 years.

Richard Chiverrell, Professor of Physical Geography with the University of Liverpool's School of Environmental Sciences and lead author of the study, said: "This research study places recent the extreme flooding events of the last 20 years in a far longer context, providing new insights into the frequency and magnitude of the really large flood events."

(The unprecedented nature of the recent phase of extreme floods accords with statements from the Environment Agency that climate changes and associated impacts on the frequency and magnitude of extreme events are one of the greatest challenges facing our society)."

Lake sediment records reveal recent floods in NW England (UK) unprecedented | EurekAlert! Science News #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
#uklake #climatechange #floods

"A new study of UK lake sediment records stretching back over several centuries has found that the floods that hit Northern England in 2009 and 2015 ('Storm Desmond'),were the largest in 600 years, pointing to the impact of climate changes on the frequency and magnitude of these extreme events.

In a paper published in the journal `Earth Surface Processes and Landforms', a team of researchers led by the Universities of Liverpool and Southampton, analysed the lake sediment records from the extreme floods of 2009 and 2015, and compared them with a 558 year record from the bottom of Bassenthwaite Lake, Cumbria.

A distinct layer of coarser sediment is left in the lake sediment record as material washes in from the surrounding hills and streams providing researchers with a means of recording each flooding event. Sediment layers with the largest grain sizes reflect flooding that was higher energy and more extreme in magnitude.

This is the first time a long term insight into the changing frequency and size of flood events has been produced using lake sediment records for the UK, and it shows how these archives can extend river flows used in conventional flood estimation, which only span relatively short period of 30-50 years.

Richard Chiverrell, Professor of Physical Geography with the University of Liverpool's School of Environmental Sciences and lead author of the study, said: "This research study places recent the extreme flooding events of the last 20 years in a far longer context, providing new insights into the frequency and magnitude of the really large flood events."

(The unprecedented nature of the recent phase of extreme floods accords with statements from the Environment Agency that climate changes and associated impacts on the frequency and magnitude of extreme events are one of the greatest challenges facing our society)."

Lake sediment records reveal recent floods in NW England (UK) unprecedented | EurekAlert! Science News #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
#Architecture (2 photos)
Amazon Is Selling a DIY Guest House Kit You Can Build in Just 8 Hours

The Allwood Solvalla: A DIY Guesthouse You Can Build in a Day #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Amazon Is Selling a DIY Guest House Kit You Can Build in Just 8 Hours
 
#Architecture (2 photos)
Amazon Is Selling a DIY Guest House Kit You Can Build in Just 8 Hours

The Allwood Solvalla: A DIY Guesthouse You Can Build in a Day #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Amazon Is Selling a DIY Guest House Kit You Can Build in Just 8 Hours
 
#Karma
US anti-vax poster child gets chickenpox

Kentucky teen who sued over vaccine gets chickenpox - BBC News #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
Scientists find cocaine in shrimps

Scientists find cocaine in shrimps in Suffolk rivers - BBC News #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
#Design #GOT (4 photos)
Fender Built Custom ‘Game of Thrones’ Guitars So You Can Out-Shred Your Enemies

Fender Makes Three Game of Thrones Guitars to Out-Shred Your Enemies #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Fender Built Custom ‘Game of Thrones’ Guitars So You Can Out-Shred Your Enemies
 
#Design #GOT (4 photos)
Fender Built Custom ‘Game of Thrones’ Guitars So You Can Out-Shred Your Enemies

Fender Makes Three Game of Thrones Guitars to Out-Shred Your Enemies #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Fender Built Custom ‘Game of Thrones’ Guitars So You Can Out-Shred Your Enemies
 
#KickAssWomen
The Chinese Female Pirate Who Commanded 80,000 Outlaws
Ching Shih, who lived and pillaged during the Qing Dynasty, has been called the most successful pirate in history.

The Chinese Female Pirate Who Commanded 80,000 Outlaws - Atlas Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
#KickAssWomen
The Chinese Female Pirate Who Commanded 80,000 Outlaws
Ching Shih, who lived and pillaged during the Qing Dynasty, has been called the most successful pirate in history.

The Chinese Female Pirate Who Commanded 80,000 Outlaws - Atlas Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
Decoding the Design of In-Flight Seat Belts
Why we buckle up differently in cars and planes.

Decoding the Design of In-Flight Seat Belts - Atlas Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
@Jörn W @Jörn Warneke Ein altes Klohäuschen in eine Bar umgewandelt. Auch ne witzige Idee
Ursprünglich geteilt von @Stuart Richman

FERNANDINA BEACH, FLORIDA
The Outhouse
This former bathroom has been transformed into the smallest bar in Florida.

Behind an art gallery in Fernandina Beach, Florida, lies a small structure that resembles an outhouse. In fact, it once was a bathroom. But now the building has a new purpose: serving two customers at a time as the smallest bar in Florida.

The Outhouse – Fernandina Beach, Florida - Gastro Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
FERNANDINA BEACH, FLORIDA
The Outhouse
This former bathroom has been transformed into the smallest bar in Florida.

Behind an art gallery in Fernandina Beach, Florida, lies a small structure that resembles an outhouse. In fact, it once was a bathroom. But now the building has a new purpose: serving two customers at a time as the smallest bar in Florida.

The Outhouse – Fernandina Beach, Florida - Gastro Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
#globalwarming #heatisland #treecanopy #urbanareas

"The idea of the heat island -- that densely built-up urban areas are considerably hotter than the rural and semi-rural landscapes that surround them -- has been extensively studied and is widely accepted by academics and the public.

But a new study by a Concordia researcher takes a closer look at the phenomenon and what can be done to mitigate it. According to Carly Ziter, an assistant professor of biology in the Faculty of Arts and Science, extensive tree canopy cover in an urban area can dramatically reduce the temperatures of their immediate environs -- enough to make a significant difference even within a few city blocks.

In a new paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Ziter argues that there is a non-linear relationship between canopy cover and temperature reduction: when canopy cover reaches a certain threshold, temperatures will begin to drop far more dramatically than they do below that point.

"We found that to get the most cooling, you have to have about 40 per cent canopy cover, and this was strongest around the scale of a city block," she says. "So if your neighbourhood has less than 40 per cent canopy cover, you'll get a little bit of cooling, but not very much. Once you tip over that threshold, you really see large increases in how much you can cool areas off."

She adds that the difference between areas with heavy canopy cover and those that are treeless can be as high as four or five degrees Celsius, even within just a few hundred metres of each other.

The effects of shading contribute to that decrease but are not the only factor.

"Trees transpire," she explains. "They give off water vapour, almost like a little air conditioner."

This transpiration occurs mainly during the day. Her research shows that during nighttime there is a much smaller difference in temperature between areas with significant canopy cover and those without".

City trees can offset neighborhood heat islands, Concordia researcher says | EurekAlert! Science News #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
#globalwarming #heatisland #treecanopy #urbanareas

"The idea of the heat island -- that densely built-up urban areas are considerably hotter than the rural and semi-rural landscapes that surround them -- has been extensively studied and is widely accepted by academics and the public.

But a new study by a Concordia researcher takes a closer look at the phenomenon and what can be done to mitigate it. According to Carly Ziter, an assistant professor of biology in the Faculty of Arts and Science, extensive tree canopy cover in an urban area can dramatically reduce the temperatures of their immediate environs -- enough to make a significant difference even within a few city blocks.

In a new paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Ziter argues that there is a non-linear relationship between canopy cover and temperature reduction: when canopy cover reaches a certain threshold, temperatures will begin to drop far more dramatically than they do below that point.

"We found that to get the most cooling, you have to have about 40 per cent canopy cover, and this was strongest around the scale of a city block," she says. "So if your neighbourhood has less than 40 per cent canopy cover, you'll get a little bit of cooling, but not very much. Once you tip over that threshold, you really see large increases in how much you can cool areas off."

She adds that the difference between areas with heavy canopy cover and those that are treeless can be as high as four or five degrees Celsius, even within just a few hundred metres of each other.

The effects of shading contribute to that decrease but are not the only factor.

"Trees transpire," she explains. "They give off water vapour, almost like a little air conditioner."

This transpiration occurs mainly during the day. Her research shows that during nighttime there is a much smaller difference in temperature between areas with significant canopy cover and those without".

City trees can offset neighborhood heat islands, Concordia researcher says | EurekAlert! Science News #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
33 Deserted Places Around the World
These forsaken relics of another time are strangely beautiful.

33 Deserted Places Around the World - Atlas Obscura Lists #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
This Flower Vase Turns into a Throwable Fire Extinguisher in an Emergency

This Flower Vase Doubles as a Throwable Fire Extinguisher #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
This Flower Vase Turns into a Throwable Fire Extinguisher in an Emergency
 
This Flower Vase Turns into a Throwable Fire Extinguisher in an Emergency

This Flower Vase Doubles as a Throwable Fire Extinguisher #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
This Flower Vase Turns into a Throwable Fire Extinguisher in an Emergency
 
The Return of the Pie Company That Gave the Frisbee Its Name
An avid fan of the flying disc is now slinging Frisbie pies.

The Return of the Pie Company That Gave the Frisbee Its Name - Gastro Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
The Return of the Pie Company That Gave the Frisbee Its Name
An avid fan of the flying disc is now slinging Frisbie pies.

The Return of the Pie Company That Gave the Frisbee Its Name - Gastro Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
The man who lives with 110 dogs
'I'm the father to 110 huskies'
Does the thought of living with over a hundred dogs sound like a dream or a nightmare?

Well for Audun, who lives in the world's northernmost settlement, this is a reality.

But his new Norwegian home Longyearbyen, located in the Arctic, is believed to be warming faster than any other town on Earth.

The man who lives with 110 dogs - BBC News #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
The man who lives with 110 dogs
'I'm the father to 110 huskies'
Does the thought of living with over a hundred dogs sound like a dream or a nightmare?

Well for Audun, who lives in the world's northernmost settlement, this is a reality.

But his new Norwegian home Longyearbyen, located in the Arctic, is believed to be warming faster than any other town on Earth.

The man who lives with 110 dogs - BBC News #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
Researchers Have Recreated the Face of an Ancient Dog
The canine remains were buried in a tomb in Orkney, Scotland, over 4,000 years ago.

Researchers Have Recreated the Face of an Ancient Dog - Atlas Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
Researchers Have Recreated the Face of an Ancient Dog
The canine remains were buried in a tomb in Orkney, Scotland, over 4,000 years ago.

Researchers Have Recreated the Face of an Ancient Dog - Atlas Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
#Art (20 photos)
Artists Pay Tribute to Paris’ Iconic Notre-Dame Cathedral After Devastating Fire

Notre-Dame Art: Artists Pay Tribute to the Iconic Church Following the Fire #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Artists Pay Tribute to Paris’ Iconic Notre-Dame Cathedral After Devastating Fire
 
#Art (20 photos)
Artists Pay Tribute to Paris’ Iconic Notre-Dame Cathedral After Devastating Fire

Notre-Dame Art: Artists Pay Tribute to the Iconic Church Following the Fire #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Artists Pay Tribute to Paris’ Iconic Notre-Dame Cathedral After Devastating Fire
 
#Installation (8 photos)
Typographic Installations are Solar Powered Poetry

Typographic Installations are Solar Powered Poetry #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Typographic Installations are Solar Powered Poetry
 
#Installation (8 photos)
Typographic Installations are Solar Powered Poetry

Typographic Installations are Solar Powered Poetry #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Typographic Installations are Solar Powered Poetry
 
#Art (9 photos)
Artist Reimagines David Bowie Songs as Old Pulp Fiction Book Covers

David Bowie Songs Reimagined as Pulp Fiction Book Covers #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Artist Reimagines David Bowie Songs as Old Pulp Fiction Book Covers
 
#Art (9 photos)
Artist Reimagines David Bowie Songs as Old Pulp Fiction Book Covers

David Bowie Songs Reimagined as Pulp Fiction Book Covers #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Artist Reimagines David Bowie Songs as Old Pulp Fiction Book Covers
 
#Photography (11 photos)
Interview: Photographer Shares Cyber-Punk View of Tokyo at Night in New Book

Photographer Liam Wong on His Cyber-Punk View of Tokyo & New Book #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Interview: Photographer Shares Cyber-Punk View of Tokyo at Night in New Book
 
#Photography (11 photos)
Interview: Photographer Shares Cyber-Punk View of Tokyo at Night in New Book

Photographer Liam Wong on His Cyber-Punk View of Tokyo & New Book #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
Interview: Photographer Shares Cyber-Punk View of Tokyo at Night in New Book
 
MADISON, MINNESOTA
Lou T. Fisk
This giant fiberglass cod celebrates Madison's self-proclaimed status as the U.S. capital of lutefisk.

Lou T. Fisk – Madison, Minnesota - Gastro Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
MADISON, MINNESOTA
Lou T. Fisk
This giant fiberglass cod celebrates Madison's self-proclaimed status as the U.S. capital of lutefisk.

Lou T. Fisk – Madison, Minnesota - Gastro Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
The Beloved Japanese Novelist Who Became a Queer Manga Icon
Nobuko Yoshiya’s stories of frustrated, forbidden love helped establish a genre read by millions.

The Beloved Japanese Novelist Who Became a Queer Manga Icon - Atlas Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
The Beloved Japanese Novelist Who Became a Queer Manga Icon
Nobuko Yoshiya’s stories of frustrated, forbidden love helped establish a genre read by millions.

The Beloved Japanese Novelist Who Became a Queer Manga Icon - Atlas Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
Explore Historic Maps of Scotland, Now in 3D
The National Library of Scotland isn’t afraid of heights.

Explore Historic Maps of Scotland, Now in 3D - Atlas Obscura #ViaDiasporaNativeWebApp
 
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