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open letter
This is an emergency call for open science, the movement to make tools, data, and publications resulting from publicly funded research available to the public.
#opendata #science #research #PubMed
 
open letter
This is an emergency call for open science, the movement to make tools, data, and publications resulting from publicly funded research available to the public.
#opendata #science #research #PubMed
 
whoever pullz the sword from the stone in Bosnia should become the new leader of the country ...

Medieval Sword Discovered in Stone Enchants Bosnians


The sword found in stone in a river in Bosnia has inevitably drawn comparisons with the famous Excalibur, the sword in the legend of King Arthur, which only a true king was able to extract from the lake in which it lay.

#bosnia #science #research #archeology #history #interessiert
Medieval Sword Discovered in Stone Enchants Bosnians
 
whoever pullz the sword from the stone in Bosnia should become the new leader of the country ...

Medieval Sword Discovered in Stone Enchants Bosnians


The sword found in stone in a river in Bosnia has inevitably drawn comparisons with the famous Excalibur, the sword in the legend of King Arthur, which only a true king was able to extract from the lake in which it lay.

#bosnia #science #research #archeology #history #interessiert
Medieval Sword Discovered in Stone Enchants Bosnians
 

Science for a Plastic Cube. Polypore Academia redefining the Rules of Science – Geschichte der Gegenwart


#science #research #Hungary
Science for a Plastic Cube. Poly­pore Academia rede­fi­ning the Rules of Science
 
Interesting. A possible fossil of a turtle found that may have been crushed by the foot of a sauropod.
One day toward the end of the Jurassic Period, a long-necked, long-tailed sauropod dinosaur about the size of an elephant lumbered over a tidal flat in what is now Switzerland, leaving footprints wider than beach balls.
Maybe it heard a crunch. Because much later, near these footprints, a team of paleontologists found a damaged carapace from an extinct sea turtle species called Plesiochelys bigleri halfway pressed into the sediment. They argue, in a paper soon to be published in the Swiss Journal of Geosciences, that animal was stepped on.

“The evidence is pretty clear,” said Daniel Marty, a paleontologist at the Natural History Museum in Basel, Switzerland, who participated in the study. “It’s kind of a funny thing, and it also shows that these two animals were in the same paleoenvironment.”
[...]
Another explanation, said Jordan Mallon, a paleontologist at the Canadian Museum of Nature who also was not involved in the study, is that the fossil was simply crushed under the weight of the rocks above it over the millions of years it was buried. “I think they tell a plausible story, but it’s not a dead ringer,” he said.

Still, “it’s important to document fossils like this where you can try and show two species lived together,” Dr. Mallon said. “It’s only by doing that that we’re able to reconstruct ancient ecosystems.”"
#Science #Research #Fossils #Palaeontology #Sauropods #Turtles #Dinosaurs #Reptiles
 
Interesting. A possible fossil of a turtle found that may have been crushed by the foot of a sauropod.
One day toward the end of the Jurassic Period, a long-necked, long-tailed sauropod dinosaur about the size of an elephant lumbered over a tidal flat in what is now Switzerland, leaving footprints wider than beach balls.
Maybe it heard a crunch. Because much later, near these footprints, a team of paleontologists found a damaged carapace from an extinct sea turtle species called Plesiochelys bigleri halfway pressed into the sediment. They argue, in a paper soon to be published in the Swiss Journal of Geosciences, that animal was stepped on.

“The evidence is pretty clear,” said Daniel Marty, a paleontologist at the Natural History Museum in Basel, Switzerland, who participated in the study. “It’s kind of a funny thing, and it also shows that these two animals were in the same paleoenvironment.”
[...]
Another explanation, said Jordan Mallon, a paleontologist at the Canadian Museum of Nature who also was not involved in the study, is that the fossil was simply crushed under the weight of the rocks above it over the millions of years it was buried. “I think they tell a plausible story, but it’s not a dead ringer,” he said.

Still, “it’s important to document fossils like this where you can try and show two species lived together,” Dr. Mallon said. “It’s only by doing that that we’re able to reconstruct ancient ecosystems.”"
#Science #Research #Fossils #Palaeontology #Sauropods #Turtles #Dinosaurs #Reptiles
 
Medical research ranked higher by people receiving health-related news while they wait

This is interesting and a good idea.
#science #research #medicine
 

"Darwin is dead, and we have killed him!"

Mathematical challenges to Darwin’s Theory of Evolution, with #DavidBerlinski, #StephenMeyer, and #DavidGelernter





Based on new #evidence and #knowledge that functioning #proteins are extremely rare, should #Darwin’s theory of evolution be dismissed, dissected, developed or replaced with a theory of intelligent design?

Has #Darwinism really failed? #PeterRobinson discusses it with David #Berlinski, David #Gelernter, and Stephen #Meyer, who have raised #doubts about Darwin’s #theory in their two books and essay, respectively #TheDeniableDarwin, #DarwinsDoubt, and “Giving Up Darwin” (published in the Claremont Review of Books).

#Robinson asks them to convince him that the term “species” has not been defined by the authors to Darwin’s disadvantage. Gelernter replies to this and explains, as he expressed in his essay, that he sees Darwin’s theory as #beautiful (which made it difficult for him to give it up): “Beauty is often a telltale sign of #truth. Beauty is our guide to the intellectual #universe—walking beside us through the uncharted wilderness, pointing us in the right direction, keeping us on track—most of the time.” Gelernter notes that there’s no reason to doubt that Darwin successfully explained the small adjustments by which an #organism #adapts to local circumstances: changes to fur density or wing style or beak shape. Yet there are many reasons to doubt whether Darwin can answer the hard questions and explain the big picture—not the fine-tuning of #existing #species but the #emergence of new ones. Meyer explains Darwinism as a comprehensive #synthesis, which gained #popularity for its #appeal. Meyer also mentions that one cannot disregard that Darwin’s book was based on the facts present in the 19th century.

Robinson then asks the panel whether Darwin’s theory of gradual evolution is contradicted by the explosion of fossil records in the #Cambrian period, when there was a sudden occurrence of many species over the span of approximately seventy million years (Meyer’s noted that the date range for the Cambrian period is actually narrowing). Meyer replies that even #population #genetics, the mathematical branch of Darwinian theory, has not been able to support the explosion of fossil records during the Cambrian period, biologically or geologically.

Robinson than asks about Darwin’s main problem, #molecular #biology, to which Meyer explains, comparing it to digital world, that building a new biological function is similar to building a new #code, which Darwin could not understand in his era. Berlinski does not second this and states that the cell represents very complex machinery, with complexities increasing over time, which is difficult to explain by a theory. Gelernter throws light on this by giving an example of a necklace on which the positioning of different beads can lead to different #permutations and #combinations; it is really tough to choose the best possible combination, more difficult than finding a needle in a haystack. He seconds Meyer’s statement that it was impossible for Darwin to understand that in his era, since the math is…

#science #biology #mathematics #maths #bio #research #evidence #empiricism
 

"Darwin is dead, and we have killed him!"

Mathematical challenges to Darwin’s Theory of Evolution, with #DavidBerlinski, #StephenMeyer, and #DavidGelernter





Based on new #evidence and #knowledge that functioning #proteins are extremely rare, should #Darwin’s theory of evolution be dismissed, dissected, developed or replaced with a theory of intelligent design?

Has #Darwinism really failed? #PeterRobinson discusses it with David #Berlinski, David #Gelernter, and Stephen #Meyer, who have raised #doubts about Darwin’s #theory in their two books and essay, respectively #TheDeniableDarwin, #DarwinsDoubt, and “Giving Up Darwin” (published in the Claremont Review of Books).

#Robinson asks them to convince him that the term “species” has not been defined by the authors to Darwin’s disadvantage. Gelernter replies to this and explains, as he expressed in his essay, that he sees Darwin’s theory as #beautiful (which made it difficult for him to give it up): “Beauty is often a telltale sign of #truth. Beauty is our guide to the intellectual #universe—walking beside us through the uncharted wilderness, pointing us in the right direction, keeping us on track—most of the time.” Gelernter notes that there’s no reason to doubt that Darwin successfully explained the small adjustments by which an #organism #adapts to local circumstances: changes to fur density or wing style or beak shape. Yet there are many reasons to doubt whether Darwin can answer the hard questions and explain the big picture—not the fine-tuning of #existing #species but the #emergence of new ones. Meyer explains Darwinism as a comprehensive #synthesis, which gained #popularity for its #appeal. Meyer also mentions that one cannot disregard that Darwin’s book was based on the facts present in the 19th century.

Robinson then asks the panel whether Darwin’s theory of gradual evolution is contradicted by the explosion of fossil records in the #Cambrian period, when there was a sudden occurrence of many species over the span of approximately seventy million years (Meyer’s noted that the date range for the Cambrian period is actually narrowing). Meyer replies that even #population #genetics, the mathematical branch of Darwinian theory, has not been able to support the explosion of fossil records during the Cambrian period, biologically or geologically.

Robinson than asks about Darwin’s main problem, #molecular #biology, to which Meyer explains, comparing it to digital world, that building a new biological function is similar to building a new #code, which Darwin could not understand in his era. Berlinski does not second this and states that the cell represents very complex machinery, with complexities increasing over time, which is difficult to explain by a theory. Gelernter throws light on this by giving an example of a necklace on which the positioning of different beads can lead to different #permutations and #combinations; it is really tough to choose the best possible combination, more difficult than finding a needle in a haystack. He seconds Meyer’s statement that it was impossible for Darwin to understand that in his era, since the math is…

#science #biology #mathematics #maths #bio #research #evidence #empiricism
 
They are serious about the "Don't Touch the Pristine Moon Rocks" rule. And 80% is still pristine material. An article (with video) on the facility holding the moon rocks.
Only five people in the world get to routinely handle these precious pebbles, sample processor Charis Krysher tells me. She’s one of them. But even Krysher and the lucky few can’t touch the samples directly. To pick up an Apollo rock, Krysher must either use stainless steel tweezers or slide her fingers into a third set of gloves made of Teflon.
[...]
All this effort is to protect the 382 kilograms of rocks, core samples, pebbles, sand and dust lifted from the moon during the six Apollo landings from 1969 through 1972. Those priceless samples are still offering fresh details about how the moon — and the entire solar system — formed and evolved. The rocks have revealed the rough ages of all the rocky planets’ surfaces and informed debate about whether an ancient reshuffling of the outer planets caused a bombardment of meteorites on Earth (SN Online: 9/12/16).
[...]
Since those first bits of moon arrived, NASA has sent about 50,000 individual samples to 500 research labs in more than 15 countries. Even with all that sharing, upward of 80 percent of the original haul is still untouched. Keeping with NASA’s hypercareful approach, nearly 15 percent of that lot is stored in a vault at the White Sands Test Facility near Las Cruces, N.M., a roughly 1,300-kilometer drive from Houston.

Designers also constructed this boxy, beige building in Houston, which opened in 1979, with certain disasters in mind. The structure is hurricane-resistant, and the pristine sample lab is one story above ground level to avoid flooding."
#Space #Moon #Geology #Rocks #MoonRocks #Research
 
They are serious about the "Don't Touch the Pristine Moon Rocks" rule. And 80% is still pristine material. An article (with video) on the facility holding the moon rocks.
Only five people in the world get to routinely handle these precious pebbles, sample processor Charis Krysher tells me. She’s one of them. But even Krysher and the lucky few can’t touch the samples directly. To pick up an Apollo rock, Krysher must either use stainless steel tweezers or slide her fingers into a third set of gloves made of Teflon.
[...]
All this effort is to protect the 382 kilograms of rocks, core samples, pebbles, sand and dust lifted from the moon during the six Apollo landings from 1969 through 1972. Those priceless samples are still offering fresh details about how the moon — and the entire solar system — formed and evolved. The rocks have revealed the rough ages of all the rocky planets’ surfaces and informed debate about whether an ancient reshuffling of the outer planets caused a bombardment of meteorites on Earth (SN Online: 9/12/16).
[...]
Since those first bits of moon arrived, NASA has sent about 50,000 individual samples to 500 research labs in more than 15 countries. Even with all that sharing, upward of 80 percent of the original haul is still untouched. Keeping with NASA’s hypercareful approach, nearly 15 percent of that lot is stored in a vault at the White Sands Test Facility near Las Cruces, N.M., a roughly 1,300-kilometer drive from Houston.

Designers also constructed this boxy, beige building in Houston, which opened in 1979, with certain disasters in mind. The structure is hurricane-resistant, and the pristine sample lab is one story above ground level to avoid flooding."
#Space #Moon #Geology #Rocks #MoonRocks #Research
 
| #causality #communication #correlation #news #research #science
 
| #causality #communication #correlation #news #research #science
 
#Solarcell defect mystery solved after decades of global effort
The new #research shows the first observation of a previously unknown #material defect which limits #silicon #solar cell efficiency.
#switchtosolar #renewables #gosolar #physics #generalphysics
 
#Solarcell defect mystery solved after decades of global effort
The new #research shows the first observation of a previously unknown #material defect which limits #silicon #solar cell efficiency.
#switchtosolar #renewables #gosolar #physics #generalphysics
 
Food Science! The science (and art) of making the perfect crêpe. :-)
A dollop of Nutella and slices of banana make for the perfect crêpe filling, at least according to Mathieu Sellier of the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. Edouard Boujo, who works at the École Polytechnique in France, smothers his in chocolate, nothing else. While the two disagree on what should coat these batter-based desserts, they concur that the crêpe itself should have a uniform thickness. Challenged by Sellier’s wife to use their physics expertise to suggest the optimal way to cook a crêpe, the duo finds that it requires inclining the frying pan and rotating it in circles.
#Science #Research #Food
 
Food Science! The science (and art) of making the perfect crêpe. :-)
A dollop of Nutella and slices of banana make for the perfect crêpe filling, at least according to Mathieu Sellier of the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. Edouard Boujo, who works at the École Polytechnique in France, smothers his in chocolate, nothing else. While the two disagree on what should coat these batter-based desserts, they concur that the crêpe itself should have a uniform thickness. Challenged by Sellier’s wife to use their physics expertise to suggest the optimal way to cook a crêpe, the duo finds that it requires inclining the frying pan and rotating it in circles.
#Science #Research #Food
 
More research needed. Why some earthworms come to the surface after it rains has nothing to do with the 'drowning earthworm' myth.
Conventional wisdom holds that earthworms head to the surface after rain because they can’t breathe. This is still taught to schoolkids, and you can find a lot of detailed explanation online. Most claim that worm trails and air pockets underground become submerged, and the earthworms can’t breathe. It makes sense.

Most researchers, though, dispute this explanation. As Chris Lowe, a researcher at the University of Central Lancashire, points out in Scientific American, earthworms breathe through their skin and require moisture to do so.

Humans drown when their lungs fill with water. This is not possible for earthworms as they lack lungs. Multiple studies have also shown that most earthworm species can survive being submerged in water for two weeks or more.
[...]
Lately, most popular scientific accounts write off the “drowning worm” idea as a myth. While it is certainly not likely the entire explanation, perhaps we shouldn’t entirely rule it out. Research published in the journal Invertebrate Biology, for instance, found that worm behavior following rain depended on the species.
[...]
There undoubtedly will be new research and new revelations about the lives and habits of earthworms. Nature’s mysteries are not just “out there” in the wilderness. The common creatures that live around us still hold surprises. Take a moment and observe the phenomenon happening in the natural world, right now, where we live. The surprises and wonders are right under our feet."
#Science #Research #Biology #Earthworms #Invertebrates
The Real Reason You See Earthworms After Rain
 
More research needed. Why some earthworms come to the surface after it rains has nothing to do with the 'drowning earthworm' myth.
Conventional wisdom holds that earthworms head to the surface after rain because they can’t breathe. This is still taught to schoolkids, and you can find a lot of detailed explanation online. Most claim that worm trails and air pockets underground become submerged, and the earthworms can’t breathe. It makes sense.

Most researchers, though, dispute this explanation. As Chris Lowe, a researcher at the University of Central Lancashire, points out in Scientific American, earthworms breathe through their skin and require moisture to do so.

Humans drown when their lungs fill with water. This is not possible for earthworms as they lack lungs. Multiple studies have also shown that most earthworm species can survive being submerged in water for two weeks or more.
[...]
Lately, most popular scientific accounts write off the “drowning worm” idea as a myth. While it is certainly not likely the entire explanation, perhaps we shouldn’t entirely rule it out. Research published in the journal Invertebrate Biology, for instance, found that worm behavior following rain depended on the species.
[...]
There undoubtedly will be new research and new revelations about the lives and habits of earthworms. Nature’s mysteries are not just “out there” in the wilderness. The common creatures that live around us still hold surprises. Take a moment and observe the phenomenon happening in the natural world, right now, where we live. The surprises and wonders are right under our feet."
#Science #Research #Biology #Earthworms #Invertebrates
The Real Reason You See Earthworms After Rain
 

Statisticians' Call to Arms: Reject #Significance And Embrace #Uncertainty!


– Richard Harris for NPR

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2019/03/20/705191851/statisticians-call-to-arms-reject-significance-and-embrace-uncertainty

Great points. Some quotes:
"[...] scientists often find that they can't publish their interesting (if somewhat ambiguous) results if they aren't statistically significant. But that information is actually still useful, and advocates say it's wasteful simply to throw it away."

"The advocates for change say the community can still use the p-value test, but as part of a broader approach to measuring uncertainty."

"Uncertainty is present always," Wasserstein says. "That's part of #science. So rather than trying to dance around it, we [should]accept it."
For a deeper look at it: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00857-9

#research
 

Statisticians' Call to Arms: Reject #Significance And Embrace #Uncertainty!


– Richard Harris for NPR

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2019/03/20/705191851/statisticians-call-to-arms-reject-significance-and-embrace-uncertainty

Great points. Some quotes:
"[...] scientists often find that they can't publish their interesting (if somewhat ambiguous) results if they aren't statistically significant. But that information is actually still useful, and advocates say it's wasteful simply to throw it away."

"The advocates for change say the community can still use the p-value test, but as part of a broader approach to measuring uncertainty."

"Uncertainty is present always," Wasserstein says. "That's part of #science. So rather than trying to dance around it, we [should]accept it."
For a deeper look at it: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00857-9

#research
 
University of California’s break with the biggest academic publisher could shake up scholarly publishing for good

#publishing #research #journals #science
 
University of California’s break with the biggest academic publisher could shake up scholarly publishing for good

#publishing #research #journals #science
 

The #Fake #Sex Doctor Who Conned the Media Into Publicizing His Bizarre Research on Suicide, Butt-Fisting, and Bestiality


source: https://gizmodo.com/the-fake-sex-doctor-who-conned-the-media-into-publicizi-1832711205
In the last couple years, academic journals have published about a dozen of his #research papers on topics like #suicide, sexual #assault, lethal #erotic asphyxiation, and #zoophilia.
#study #science #health #fail #journalism #news #media
 

The #Fake #Sex Doctor Who Conned the Media Into Publicizing His Bizarre Research on Suicide, Butt-Fisting, and Bestiality


source: https://gizmodo.com/the-fake-sex-doctor-who-conned-the-media-into-publicizi-1832711205
In the last couple years, academic journals have published about a dozen of his #research papers on topics like #suicide, sexual #assault, lethal #erotic asphyxiation, and #zoophilia.
#study #science #health #fail #journalism #news #media
 
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