Die „Common Business Oriented Language“ ist auf Deutsch die allgemein einsetzbare Sprache für geschäftliche Zwecke. Die Abkürzung des englischen Ausdrucks lautet COBOL; sie bezeichnet eine Programmiersprache, die in vielen Ländern benutzt wurde und wird. Die Entwicklung von COBOL startete 1959. Vor sechzig Jahren, am 7. und 8. Januar 1960, wurde die Urversion der Sprache freigegeben.Happy Birthday #COBOL !
Starting on Christmas Eve, many German and British troops fighting in World War I sang Christmas carols to each other across the lines, and at certain points the Allied soldiers even heard brass bands joining the Germans in their joyous singing.🎄 https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/christmas-truce-of-1914
At the first light of dawn on Christmas Day, some German soldiers emerged from their trenches and approached the Allied lines across no-man’s-land, calling out “Merry Christmas” in their enemies’ native tongues. At first, the Allied soldiers feared it was a trick, but seeing the Germans unarmed they climbed out of their trenches and shook hands with the enemy soldiers. The men exchanged presents of cigarettes and plum puddings and sang carols and songs. Some Germans lit Christmas trees around their trenches, and there was even a documented case of soldiers from opposing sides playing a good-natured game of soccer. German Lieutenant Kurt Zehmisch recalled: “How marvelously wonderful, yet how strange it was. The English officers felt the same way about it. Thus Christmas, the celebration of Love, managed to bring mortal enemies together as friends for a time.”
2019 blickten wir einige Male ein halbes Jahrhundert zurück. Es gab Jubiläen der Chipfirma AMD, der Mondlandung und des Internets. Heute feiern wir noch einmal einen fünfzigsten Jahrestag. Am 30. Juli 1969 wurde die Redactron Corporation gegründet; im Dezember bezog sie ihre Büros bei New York. Es war die erste Computerfirma, die eine Frau leitete.#history #feminism #hnf
Vor fünfzig Jahren landeten Neil Armstrong und Edwin Aldrin auf dem Mond. Ihnen folgten zehn NASA-Kollegen; seitdem betrat kein Mensch mehr den Erdtrabanten. Aber schon im November 1969 lief ein „Lunar Landing Game“ auf dem Rechner einer amerikanischen High School; verfasst hatte es der siebzehnjährige Jim Storer. Sein Programm schuf eine eigene Gattung von Computerspielen.#history #programming #NHF #LunarLander #space
Maybe its pervasiveness has long obscured its origins. But Unix, the operating system that in one derivative or another powers nearly all smartphones sold worldwide, was born 50 years ago from the failure of an ambitious project that involved titans like Bell Labs, GE, and MIT. Largely the brainchild of a few programmers at Bell Labs, the unlikely story of Unix begins with a meeting on the top floor of an otherwise unremarkable annex at the sprawling Bell Labs complex in Murray Hill, New Jersey.#History #ComputerHistory #Unix #OperatingSystems #ComputerScience #Computers
It wasn’t until late 1971 that the computer science department got a truly modern computer. The Unix team had developed several tools designed to automatically format text files for printing over the past year or so. They had done so to simplify the production of documentation for their pet project, but their tools had escaped and were being used by several researchers elsewhere on the top floor. At the same time, the legal department was prepared to spend a fortune on a mainframe program called “AstroText.” Catching wind of this, the Unix crew realized that they could, with only a little effort, upgrade the tools they had written for their own use into something that the legal department could use to prepare patent applications.
The computer science department pitched lab management on the purchase of a DEC PDP-11 for document production purposes, and Max Mathews offered to pay for the machine out of the acoustics department budget. Finally, management gave in and purchased a computer for the Unix team to play with. Eventually, word leaked out about this operating system, and businesses and institutions with PDP-11s began contacting Bell Labs about their new operating system. The Labs made it available for free—requesting only the cost of postage and media from anyone who wanted a copy.
Resist & Remember is an anti-fascist RPG celebrating & commemorating those who stood up to tyranny and often paid the ultimate price.
Never Forget (To Punch #Nazis In The Face)
Resist & Remember: Weimar--is a #roleplaying game built into five narrative Acts. The first four of these Acts cast the PCs as artists, barflies, Communist and Anarchist partisans, filmmakers, performer, socialites, writers, and other assorted trouble makers weathering the sea change in culture and society in #Berlin from the last days of #Weimar Republic through the rise of Nazi Germany. There, you will rub elbows with German artists, thinkers, creators, and other personalities, whose life trajectories parallel those of your characters: some will make it out alive, others will not be so lucky.
Weimar Berlin at the end of the #1920s and beginning of the #1930s was a progressive, liberal cultural hotbed of radical new ideas in art, music, architecture, and writing, as well as a divided political battleground with Anarchist, Monarchist, and National Socialist partisans fighting in the streets (the early 20th Century equivalent of Black Lives Matter clashing with Trump supporters, although nearly every day). The New Woman shook up the societal landscape, with German girls that were more sexually liberated and independent than ever before. At the same time, cabaret performances and theater were racier and more politically controversial than ever, and people of color were the trendiest musical acts at bars and night clubs.