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The war on prevention II: Battle metaphors undermine cancer treatment and prevention and do not increase vigilance

Author: David Hause


Abstract

Bellicose metaphors for cancer are ubiquitous. But are they good metaphors for health communicators to use? Because metaphors can guide reasoning about abstract concepts, framing cancer with metaphors of battle, war, and enemies leads people to apply attributes of these concepts to cancer. The current research investigates how this affects inferences about cancer treatment, prevention, and monitoring. Battles and war are usually seen as being difficult. Indeed, reading about a person’s “battle” or “fight” against cancer makes cancer treatment seem more difficult (studies 1-4). One way to approach a battle is to surrender and give up control. Consistent with this implication, battle metaphors increase fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention (e.g., believing that there is little one can do to prevent getting cancer; study 3). Finally, even though battles invoke vigilance and action, Study 4 failed to find that such metaphors motivate people to immediately see their doctor when imagining a cancer scare. These findings suggest that bellicose metaphors for cancer can influence the health beliefs of nonpatients in ways that may make them less willing to enact healthy behaviors.
#health #cancer #covid-19 #metaphors #language #science
 

The war on prevention II: Battle metaphors undermine cancer treatment and prevention and do not increase vigilance

Author: David Hause


Abstract

Bellicose metaphors for cancer are ubiquitous. But are they good metaphors for health communicators to use? Because metaphors can guide reasoning about abstract concepts, framing cancer with metaphors of battle, war, and enemies leads people to apply attributes of these concepts to cancer. The current research investigates how this affects inferences about cancer treatment, prevention, and monitoring. Battles and war are usually seen as being difficult. Indeed, reading about a person’s “battle” or “fight” against cancer makes cancer treatment seem more difficult (studies 1-4). One way to approach a battle is to surrender and give up control. Consistent with this implication, battle metaphors increase fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention (e.g., believing that there is little one can do to prevent getting cancer; study 3). Finally, even though battles invoke vigilance and action, Study 4 failed to find that such metaphors motivate people to immediately see their doctor when imagining a cancer scare. These findings suggest that bellicose metaphors for cancer can influence the health beliefs of nonpatients in ways that may make them less willing to enact healthy behaviors.
#health #cancer #covid-19 #metaphors #language #science
 
9 Most nutritious vegetables to juice
https://www.naturalnews.com/2020-07-31-9-nutritious-vegetables-for-juicing.html
#vegetables #health #juicing #natural
 
9 Most nutritious vegetables to juice
https://www.naturalnews.com/2020-07-31-9-nutritious-vegetables-for-juicing.html
#vegetables #health #juicing #natural
 

Tocilizumab: Arthritis drug may treat severe Covid | BBC News

The rheumatoid arthritis drugs tocilizumab appears to treat people who are critically ill with Covid-19, early trial data shows.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic
 

Tocilizumab: Arthritis drug may treat severe Covid | BBC News

The rheumatoid arthritis drugs tocilizumab appears to treat people who are critically ill with Covid-19, early trial data shows.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic
 
#science #sciencemanuelacasasoli
Potentially harmful aerosols concentrate in European urban centres
Atmospheric particles that increase levels of cellular oxidants when inhaled might be especially harmful. An analysis reveals which #emissions should be limited to minimize the potential adverse #health effects of such particles in Europe.

Daellenbach et al. (2020) Sources of particulate-matter air pollution and its oxidative potential in Europe: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2902-8
 

No, it's not the leak about a potential lockdown causing a spike in cases. It's not the announcement of a lockdown causing a spike in cases. It's not an upcoming lockdown causing a spike in cases. It's unthinking, egoistic, careless people causing a spike in cases. It's people saying, "oh, there's a lockdown coming, let's go out and party while we can to give the virus the best possible opportunity to spread rapidly before we go into lockdown!" This spike was completely and utterly predictable, you just had to look at the news on the day the lockdown began: page after page after page of pictures of "people enjoying a last night of freedom before the lockdown"

#UK #news #politics #Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #pandemic
 
The Second Wave: Testing, Testing, “Covid is on the Rise”. Towards a Total Lockdown....

#Second Wave #Covid #Lockdown #conspiracy #health #medicine #virus
 

T-cell Covid immunity 'present in adults six months after first infection' | World news | The Guardian

Cellular (T-cell) immunity against the virus that causes Covid-19 is likely to be present within most adults six months after primary infection, with levels considerably higher in patients with symptoms, a study suggests.
The data offers another piece of the puzzle that could be key to understanding whether previous Sars-CoV-2 infections – the virus behind Covid-19 – can prevent reinfection, and if so, for how long.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic
 

T-cell Covid immunity 'present in adults six months after first infection' | World news | The Guardian

Cellular (T-cell) immunity against the virus that causes Covid-19 is likely to be present within most adults six months after primary infection, with levels considerably higher in patients with symptoms, a study suggests.
The data offers another piece of the puzzle that could be key to understanding whether previous Sars-CoV-2 infections – the virus behind Covid-19 – can prevent reinfection, and if so, for how long.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic
 
Click thru to read the whole thread.

There is one place in the world where a map of #COVID19 cases & deaths reveals a straight line, with a huge amount of disease on one side, very little on the other | Laurie Garrett on Twitter

The 3000+ mile border US/#Canada It's stark. MORE https://t.co/GB87cNcSXD" / Twitter
https://twitter.com/Laurie_Garrett/status/1321627987847139329

#CoronaVirus #covid-19 #pandemic #US #Canada #politics #USPolitics #health #medicine
 
Click thru to read the whole thread.

There is one place in the world where a map of #COVID19 cases & deaths reveals a straight line, with a huge amount of disease on one side, very little on the other | Laurie Garrett on Twitter

The 3000+ mile border US/#Canada It's stark. MORE https://t.co/GB87cNcSXD" / Twitter
https://twitter.com/Laurie_Garrett/status/1321627987847139329

#CoronaVirus #covid-19 #pandemic #US #Canada #politics #USPolitics #health #medicine
 

The airborne lifetime of small speech droplets and their potential importance to SARS-CoV-2 transmission | Zenodo

Movies that show the experimental setup and the full 85-minute observation of speech droplet nuclei.

The full movie recording of highly sensitive laser light scattering observations that indicate loud-speaking generates, in addition to hundreds of regular droplets, also many thousands of micro-droplets per second. This movie clip shows the decay of airborne particles.
https://zenodo.org/record/3770559#.X5szhtT7SCP

#covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic #SARS-CoV-2 #speech #health #aerosol #aerosols #particles #physics #science
 

The airborne lifetime of small speech droplets and their potential importance to SARS-CoV-2 transmission | Zenodo

Movies that show the experimental setup and the full 85-minute observation of speech droplet nuclei.

The full movie recording of highly sensitive laser light scattering observations that indicate loud-speaking generates, in addition to hundreds of regular droplets, also many thousands of micro-droplets per second. This movie clip shows the decay of airborne particles.
https://zenodo.org/record/3770559#.X5szhtT7SCP

#covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic #SARS-CoV-2 #speech #health #aerosol #aerosols #particles #physics #science
 

Daycares in Finland Built a 'Forest Floor', And It Changed Children's Immune Systems

Playing through the greenery and litter of a mini forest's undergrowth for just one month may be enough to change a child's immune system, according to a small new experiment.
#science #medicine #health #immunology
 

Daycares in Finland Built a 'Forest Floor', And It Changed Children's Immune Systems

Playing through the greenery and litter of a mini forest's undergrowth for just one month may be enough to change a child's immune system, according to a small new experiment.
#science #medicine #health #immunology
 
So far for that "herd immunity" strategy......
They say immunity appears to be fading and there is a risk of catching the virus multiple times.
[..]
There are four other human coronaviruses, which we catch multiple times in our lives. They cause common cold symptoms and we can be reinfected every six to 12 months.
Covid: Antibodies 'fall rapidly after infection'

#Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #herdimmunity #politics #UK
 

The FDA just approved the first coronavirus drug – but this new medicine might be even better | BGR


Very interesting.
Researchers tested a cancer drug called plitidepsin as a coronavirus therapy and discovered it can block the virus’s ability to replicate.

The use of plitidepsin reduced viral loads after just seven days and improved blood test markers for inflammation.

Nearly 40% of a limited group of patients who received various doses of plitidepsin were discharged after just eight days in the hospital.
https://bgr.com/2020/10/25/coronavirus-treatment-plitidepsin-cancer-drug-spain-trial/

#covid-19 #CoronaVirus #health #medicine #virus
The FDA just approved the first coronavirus drug – but this new medicine might be even better
 

The FDA just approved the first coronavirus drug – but this new medicine might be even better | BGR


Very interesting.
Researchers tested a cancer drug called plitidepsin as a coronavirus therapy and discovered it can block the virus’s ability to replicate.

The use of plitidepsin reduced viral loads after just seven days and improved blood test markers for inflammation.

Nearly 40% of a limited group of patients who received various doses of plitidepsin were discharged after just eight days in the hospital.
https://bgr.com/2020/10/25/coronavirus-treatment-plitidepsin-cancer-drug-spain-trial/

#covid-19 #CoronaVirus #health #medicine #virus
The FDA just approved the first coronavirus drug – but this new medicine might be even better
 
And if anyone thinks the UK won't be at least the same (or even worse) they are seriously deluded.

Virus to stay 'at least until next summer' - France's Macron

#UK #Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #France
 
A couple of days ago I wrote " I suspect a large chunk of the 82% who don’t self-isolate simply can’t afford to. They don’t have the money and job security to self isolate, so they go to work anyway."

This article covers that issue: The pitched battle over lockdowns is missing the point: Covid-19 is a class issue
This is a good riposte to the oft-heard suggestion that most people who fail to follow the rules are degenerate “Covidiots”, and further proof that in a society as insecure as ours, trying to stringently control anything – let alone a highly infectious disease – will tend to be very difficult indeed. According to research done at King’s College London, only 18% of people self-isolate after developing symptoms, and only 11% quarantine after being told by the government’s test and trace system that they have been in contact with a confirmed case. Among the factors the study associates with non-compliance are “lower socio-economic grade”, and “greater hardship during the pandemic”. A lot of people, it seems, would like to do what they are told, but simply can’t.

This is the basic point the government does not seem to have grasped – painfully highlighted by Johnson’s claim that infections increased because the public became “complacent”. Threatening people with fines of up to £10,000 if they fail to self-isolate – and, we now learn, passing their details to the police – is an example of the same cast of mind, less likely to persuade people in precarious circumstances to follow the rules than to keep their distance from the authorities. The fact that some people on very low incomes are finally eligible for a lump sum of £500 to cover a fortnight’s quarantine will not solve what is obviously a massive problem; in terms of basic practicalities, it is of a piece with Rishi Sunak’s plan to pay only two-thirds of lost wages to people affected by local restrictions.
How do you self-isolate if you live in a cramped multi-generational house with one kitchen and one bathroom/toilet, possibly even sharing a bedroom? How do you self-isolate if you live in shared accommodation, again with a shared kitchen and a shared bathroom, while struggling to hold down a job to pay the extortionate rent?

Decades of failed policies are now coming back to haunt us. Broken housing and overcrowding isn't something you can quickly solve in a few months or even weeks.

#Covid19 #Coronavirus #UK #politics #health #BorisJohnson #selfisolate
 
So fornicating in the garden is OK then?

Sex banned indoors for Tier 2 couples living apart, Number 10 confirms

#Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #politics #UK #sex
 
One of the reasons (apart from that I don't see the point for me personally as I strenuously avoid being near anyone for more than a few minutes at worst. And that I don't trust the government that they haven't built something sneaky into the app) that I so far haven't installed the Coronavirus app:

Bluetooth bugs are making contact tracing apps spit out tons of errors

#Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #UK #politics #NHS #government
 
I haven't fact checked this, but it sounds very plausible. I suspect a large chunk of the 82% who don't self-isolate simply can't afford to. They don't have the money and job security to self isolate, so they go to work anyway. And another good chunk just follow what plenty of people in power have done (Cummings anyone?) and think if the people in power can get away with it, so can I. Until these two things are addressed/fixed I don't really see this improving. And lockdowns won't have much of an impact on this, quite possibly the contrary.

#Covid19 #Coronavirus #UK #politics #health #BorisJohnson #DominicCummings
 
An interview that's both brilliant and a car crash. One side perfectly prepared, eloquent, to the point. The other side woefully unprepared, waffling and evasive I think you can guess which side Johnson is on?

Getting 'R' number below one key to lifting North West restrictions Prime Minister tells ITV News

#Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #UK #politics #BorisJohnson #Johnson #interview #ITV
 
An interview that's both brilliant and a car crash. One side perfectly prepared, eloquent, to the point. The other side woefully unprepared, waffling and evasive I think you can guess which side Johnson is on?

Getting 'R' number below one key to lifting North West restrictions Prime Minister tells ITV News

#Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #UK #politics #BorisJohnson #Johnson #interview #ITV
 
With greetings to all those ********** protesting against the Covid-19 measures in London (and possibly elsewhere). But then again they will probably claim he's a paid actor and it's all a plot by the evil deep state or something.

Chris thought coronavirus was 'bullsh*t'... this is his powerful message from his intensive care bed

#UK #England #Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #NHS
 
With greetings to all those ********** protesting against the Covid-19 measures in London (and possibly elsewhere). But then again they will probably claim he's a paid actor and it's all a plot by the evil deep state or something.

Chris thought coronavirus was 'bullsh*t'... this is his powerful message from his intensive care bed

#UK #England #Covid19 #Coronavirus #health #NHS
 
Does this government know what it wants? Just last week it was "get back to work" (which in reality meant "get back to the office", probably because the real estate funds were putting pressure on them), now I read:
"Mr Hancock, who has spoken to the mayor this weekend, told Times Radio he would not rule out the possibility that Londoners could be told this week to avoid the commute and get back to working from home."

In August we were told "Eat out to help out", now there's talk of reducing pub & restaurant hours and even a "circuit breaker" (some kind of mini lockdown) or in worst case a proper lockdown as the last resort.

And now you tell people "follow the rules"? They did. They went out, just like you wanted them to.

I also keep hearing (from certain circles) what a genius Dominic Cummings is and that everything is planned and that he is hiring maverick super forecasters and more. So why did he and his maverick super forecasters not forecast what's happening now? Anyone with half a brain could see that with opening up infection rates would go up.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-54221953

#Covid19 #Coronavirus #UK #politics #government #health #followtherules
 

Masks offer much more protection against coronavirus than many think | Los Angeles Times

There’s a common refrain that masks don’t protect you; they protect other people from your own germs, which is especially important to keep unknowingly infected people from spreading the coronavirus.
But now, there’s mounting evidence that masks also protect you.
If you’re unlucky enough to encounter an infectious person, wearing any kind of face covering will reduce the amount of virus that your body will take in.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic
 

Masks offer much more protection against coronavirus than many think | Los Angeles Times

There’s a common refrain that masks don’t protect you; they protect other people from your own germs, which is especially important to keep unknowingly infected people from spreading the coronavirus.
But now, there’s mounting evidence that masks also protect you.
If you’re unlucky enough to encounter an infectious person, wearing any kind of face covering will reduce the amount of virus that your body will take in.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic
 
And what Starmer doesn't even mention is that a lot of people you'd never expect (like the Chaos Computer Club, all kind of privacy advocates, various IT experts, all the people who normally wouldn't touch a government app with a barge pole) are all pretty much praising the app, saying it does most things right (within the technical constraints) and recommend to download it

https://twitter.com/Independent/status/1275787007730409472

#Coronavirus #Covid19 #health #UK #Germany #IT #app #politics #BorisJohnson #KeirStarmer
 

Biological Warfare Expert Explains Why You Should Never Get In A Las Vegas Pool | IFLScience

A specialist in biological and chemical warfare has explained why he believes you should never get in a Las Vegas pool, and it's a rollercoaster.
Author Dan Kaszeta began his career as a Chemical Officer in the US Army. He then became a defense contractor, working with the Pentagon on chemical and biological proliferation issues. His career spans historical research for the USA's decommissioned chemical and biological weapons programs to training on live nerve agents.
Basically he's got the kind of C.V. that if he says "don't go in that pool" you don't get in that pool.
#science #health #PSA
 

Biological Warfare Expert Explains Why You Should Never Get In A Las Vegas Pool | IFLScience

A specialist in biological and chemical warfare has explained why he believes you should never get in a Las Vegas pool, and it's a rollercoaster.
Author Dan Kaszeta began his career as a Chemical Officer in the US Army. He then became a defense contractor, working with the Pentagon on chemical and biological proliferation issues. His career spans historical research for the USA's decommissioned chemical and biological weapons programs to training on live nerve agents.
Basically he's got the kind of C.V. that if he says "don't go in that pool" you don't get in that pool.
#science #health #PSA
 

Coronavirus came to UK 'on at least 1,300 separate occasions' | BBC News

Coronavirus was brought into the UK on at least 1,300 separate occasions, a major analysis of the genetics of the virus shows.
The study, by the Covid-19 Genomics UK consortium (Cog-UK), completely quashes the idea that a single "patient zero" started the whole UK outbreak.
The analysis also finds China, where the pandemic started, had a negligible impact on cases in the UK.
Instead those initial cases came mostly from European countries.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic
 

Coronavirus came to UK 'on at least 1,300 separate occasions' | BBC News

Coronavirus was brought into the UK on at least 1,300 separate occasions, a major analysis of the genetics of the virus shows.
The study, by the Covid-19 Genomics UK consortium (Cog-UK), completely quashes the idea that a single "patient zero" started the whole UK outbreak.
The analysis also finds China, where the pandemic started, had a negligible impact on cases in the UK.
Instead those initial cases came mostly from European countries.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #pandemic
 
Now that's reassuring. Everything is just fine. And I'm sure the app (if ever released) will work without a hitch as well. We're safe. The government has everything under control.

The training for the government's track and trace system is brilliant

#Coronavirus #Covid19 #UK #trackandtrace #BorisJohnson #MattHancock #lockdown #nothingtoworryabout #health
 

Recovered COVID-19 patients test positive but not infectious, data finds | Ars Technica

People who recover from COVID-19 but test positive for the virus again days or weeks later are not shedding viral particles and are not infectious, according to data released Tuesday by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus
 

Recovered COVID-19 patients test positive but not infectious, data finds | Ars Technica

People who recover from COVID-19 but test positive for the virus again days or weeks later are not shedding viral particles and are not infectious, according to data released Tuesday by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus
 
Another choir story.

Coronavirus doctor's diary: The strange case of the choir that coughed in January | BBC Health


The writer, Prof John Wright, is a medical doctor and
head of the Bradford Institute for Health Research, and a veteran of cholera, HIV and Ebola epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa.
He's also an epidemiologist, which is:
a medical detective, and like all detectives, the three key clues we are looking for are always: person, place and time.

So when I got an email out of the blue from a Bradford resident saying that she and her friends may have been infected with Covid-19 in January - nearly two months before the first confirmed case of transmission in the UK - I looked for these clues and decided to investigate further.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-52589449

The prof is @docjohnwright on Twitter:
https://twitter.com/docjohnwright

#health #coronavirus #covid-19 #science #epidemiology
 
Another choir story.

Coronavirus doctor's diary: The strange case of the choir that coughed in January | BBC Health


The writer, Prof John Wright, is a medical doctor and
head of the Bradford Institute for Health Research, and a veteran of cholera, HIV and Ebola epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa.
He's also an epidemiologist, which is:
a medical detective, and like all detectives, the three key clues we are looking for are always: person, place and time.

So when I got an email out of the blue from a Bradford resident saying that she and her friends may have been infected with Covid-19 in January - nearly two months before the first confirmed case of transmission in the UK - I looked for these clues and decided to investigate further.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-52589449

The prof is @docjohnwright on Twitter:
https://twitter.com/docjohnwright

#health #coronavirus #covid-19 #science #epidemiology
 

Coronavirus: Scientists hail 'groundbreaking' discovery of antibody which prevents infection | Science & Tech News | Sky News

Scientists have discovered an antibody which prevents the coronavirus from infecting human cells in "groundbreaking research" which could lead to the development of new treatments.

Building on research into the SARS coronavirus, scientists from Utrecht University in the Netherlands, as well as the Erasmus Medical Centre and the company Harbour BioMed (HBM), have identified a potential method of neutralising COVID-19.

They discovered that an antibody which prevents the SARS virus from infecting human cells could also block the novel coronavirus from infecting human cells too, according a peer reviewed study published on Monday in the journal Nature Communications.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus
 

Coronavirus: Scientists hail 'groundbreaking' discovery of antibody which prevents infection | Science & Tech News | Sky News

Scientists have discovered an antibody which prevents the coronavirus from infecting human cells in "groundbreaking research" which could lead to the development of new treatments.

Building on research into the SARS coronavirus, scientists from Utrecht University in the Netherlands, as well as the Erasmus Medical Centre and the company Harbour BioMed (HBM), have identified a potential method of neutralising COVID-19.

They discovered that an antibody which prevents the SARS virus from infecting human cells could also block the novel coronavirus from infecting human cells too, according a peer reviewed study published on Monday in the journal Nature Communications.
#science #medicine #health #Covid-19 #CoronaVirus
 
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